This screen is loosely based on the "Cash Index" approach outlined by James Altucher in his book, "Trade Like Warren Buffett". He suggests a multi-pronged approach to analysing potential bargain/arbitrage stocks in times of market distress (post 2001 bubble / Iraq War).
First of all, he suggests that it's important to recognise that these stocks are likely to be trading for less than cash for a reason, namely the market thinks they will eventually declare bankruptcy. Some of the possible risks include: i) Inaccurate reflection of "cash on hand" in their books (leases, severance packages, etc), ii) Business model destined to fail, iii) Management with no incentive to return value to shareholders.
To minimise risk of buying a turkey, Altucher looks for eight factors: i) Market cap below cash, ii) Very low leverage, iii) Enough cash headroom to cover the current annual burn-rate, and iv) some stability in revenues and earnings.
In addition to these easily-screenable criteria, he suggested looking out for more qualitative factors: v) A reasonable belief that the sell-off in the stock was partly irrational, vi) Favorable arbitrage analysis - , i) Insider buying and viii) Institutional ownership. more »
Market Capitalisation only takes into account the value of the company's shares (equity), it ignores the amount of debt a company may have taken on and therefore isn't the best indicator of the company's size. The Enterprise Value adds the net debt to the Market Cap and is a better indicator of the minimum amount that an acquiring company may have to pay to buy the firm outright.
The higher the ratio, the greater risk will be associated with the firm's operation. In addition, high debt to assets ratio may indicate low borrowing capacity of a firm, which in turn will lower the firm's financial flexibility. Like all financial ratios, a company's debt ratio should be compared with their industry average or other competing firms.
Companies with high debt/asset ratios are said to be "highly leveraged". A company with a high debt ratio could be in danger if creditors start to demand repayment of debt.
Diluted EPS figure indicates the earnings per-share a business would have generated if all stock options and other sources of dilution that were currently exercisable are taken into account. This version has been normalised to exclude exceptional income and charges, better reflecting underlying results
Sales (also known as revenue ) tell you the dollar amount of goods and services a company sells. This is important because it indicates the amount of money being brought in as a result of the customers' desire for whatever the company is selling.