Walter Schloss New Lows is a value investing strategy based on an approach used by Walter Schloss, who was a disciple of value investing legend Benjamin Graham. The strategy uses value and price factors as its main rules. It searches for companies that are trading below book value, using the price-to-book ratio, and at prices that are close to new lows. Schloss said: "We want to buy cheap stocks based on a small premium over book value, usually a depressed market price, a record that goes back at least 20 years?and one that doesn't have much debt." Between 1956 and 2000, Schloss's fund produced a compound annual growth rate of 15.7%. In a 1994 shareholder letter, Warren Buffett wrote: "Walter continues to outperform managers who work in temples filled with paintings, staff and computers. And he accomplishes this feat by rummaging among the cigar butts on the floor of capitalism." more »
The price-to-book ratio, or P/B ratio, is a financial ratio used to compare a company's book value to its current market price and is a key metric for value investors. Book value denotes the portion of the company held by the shareholders; in other words, the company's assets less its total liabilities. This is calculated as the Current Price divided by the latest annual Book Value Per Share (The inverse ratio is known as book to market). We exclude preferred shares in the calculation of Book Value.
As with most ratios, it varies a fair amount by industry (companies that require more infrastructure capital will usually trade at P/B ratios much lower than, for example, consulting firms). P/B ratios are often used to compare banks, because most assets and liabilities of banks are constantly valued at market values. This version includes intangible assets and goodwill, unlike price to tangible book value. The price / book value ratio rarely falls below 1
Stockopedia explains P/B...
This is a key metric for value investors, whereas growth investors typically believe that book value reveals very little about a company's prospects for future performance.
The price / book value ratio rarely falls below 1.0. As with most ratios, it varies a fair amount by industry (companies that require more infrastructure capital will usually trade at P/B ratios much lower than, for example, consulting firms). P/B ratios are often used to compare banks, because most assets and liabilities of banks are constantly valued at market values.
A company that can't make an ROE greater than its cost of capital may be expected to have a low price to book. Therefore, look for a low PBV combined with a high ROE and low default risk.
Net Debt is the sum of all short term debt, and notes payables, Long Term debt and preferred equity minus the total cash and equivalents and short term investments for the most recent reporting period.
Stockopedia explains Net Debt...
Net debt is the level of debt remaining assuming all cash and equivalents were used to immediately pay off debt. Please note that a negative net debt number means more cash than debt (i.e. net cash).
Some industries may have more net debt than others; therefore, investors often compare a company's net debt to others in the same line of business. It is usually considered as a ratio versus the total assets of the company.
The Market Cap is a measure of a company's size - or specifically its total equity valuation. It is calculated by multiplying the current Share Price by the current number of Shares Outstanding. It is stated in Pounds Sterling.
Stockopedia explains Mkt Cap £m...
Market Capitalisation only takes into account the value of the company's shares (equity), it ignores the amount of debt a company may have taken on and therefore isn't the best indicator of the company's size. The Enterprise Value adds the net debt to the Market Cap and is a better indicator of the minimum amount that an acquiring company may have to pay to buy the firm outright.
This measures the absolute percentage performance of the share price over the past three years.
It is calculated as (Current Price minus Old Price) divided by Old Price x 100.
Stockopedia explains % Price Chg 3y...
Academic research by deBondt and Thaler illustrates that 3 year losers have a tendency to outperform 3y winners. This is the concept of mean reversion at work. Some have suggested that momentum and value investing are correlated.