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Screening Strategies

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Bill Miller Contrarian Value Screen

This screen seeks to emulate the style of Bill Miller, manager of Legg Mason Value Trust. Miller’s strategy focuses on identifying securities that are trading below their intrinsic value, but differs from many value managers in that he focuses on cash earnings, not accounting earnings. He looks for firms that may be undervalued based on the present value of future cashflows, although this is not easy to screen for in detail. He says: "Ideally, what we want is a company... that has tremendous long-term economics and those economics are either currently obscured by macroeconomic factors, industry factors, company-specific factors, or just the immaturity of the business." Diversification is a crucial element in Miller’s strategy but he aims for diversification among the stocks it incorporates, rather than the sheer quantity. By focusing on companies that are being shunned by the market, this strategy takes on higher risks in hope of higher returns. The value moniker for his Fund is perhaps misleading because Miller has bought many Internet “growth” stocks. You can read more about Miller's approach here. more »

Value Investing
6 Month Return: 0.0%
Benjamin Graham Deep Value Checklist

Towards the end of his life, Benjamin Graham developed a flexible checklist based formula that allowed investors to build portfolios of deep value stocks large or small. It was developed with aeronautical engineer, James Rea, shortly before he died. It's become known as "Graham's Last Will" and was the result of 50 years of backtests to highlight the top ten best performing stock selection criteria. more »

Value Investing
6 Month Return: 0.0%
Philip Fisher Growth Screen

This is a growth screen based on the approach of the late Phil Fisher, one of the great investors of all time and the author of the classic book Common Stocks and Uncommon Profits. Fisher started his money management firm, Fisher & Co., in 1931 and over the next seven decades made tremendous amounts of money for his clients. Philip Fisher had a famous 15 point checklist for investing in stocks. Even though it includes numerous qualitative factors, it's possible to glean some key quantitative criteria too: Consistently strong profitability; Consistent sales growth; Growth exceeding industry norms; Little or no dividend payout; and Reasonable price compared to future growth prospects You can read more about Philip Fisher's approach here. more »

Growth Investing
6 Month Return: -0.2%
Dreman Low Price to Book Screen

This is a low Price to Book based on the writings of David Dreman. He champions a contrarian investment approach based on interpreting market psychology and using value measures to pick stocks that are out of favour with the market. Dreman invests in out-of-favour stocks, often in out-of-favour industries, that he identifies using relatively straightforward metric criteria. "I buy stocks when they are battered. I am strict with my discipline. I always buy stocks with low price-earnings ratios, low price-to-book value ratios and higher-than-average yield. Academic studies have shown that a strategy of buying out-of-favor stocks with low P/E, price-to-book and price-to-cash flow ratios outperforms the market pretty consistently over long periods of time." Dreman warns that the Price to Book strategy in particular may lead to investing in loss-making stocks, at which one needs to be especially careful, and double-checking a company's financial strength is especially important. more »

Value Investing
6 Month Return: -0.6%
Tiny Titans

Tiny Titans is a small/micro-cap strategy developed by O'Shaugnessy that includes both a value component and a momentum component. He suggested it for two reasons: i) Micro-cap stocks have little or no analyst coverage so are often overlooked or ignored, and ii) Micro-cap stocks have low correlation with the S&P 500 (0.66) so they can be included in a diversified investment strategy. It looks for a market cap of $25 to $250 million (£15 - 150m assumed), combined with a price to sales below 1 and is sorted by relative strength. See here for more details. more »

Momentum Investing
6 Month Return: -0.8%
John Templeton Bargain Screen

John Templeton believed that there were no simple formulae to finding good stocks, with over 100 factors that can be considered at times. However, Templeton did have four criteria which he considered particularly important: i) P/E ratio, ii) Operating profit margins, iii) Liquidating value and iv) Consistency of growth rates. Templeton also looked for any potential catalysts (new markets and products, potential M&A, as well as industry changes). more »

Value Investing
6 Month Return: -1.0%
Jim Slater ZULU Principle Screen

The Zulu Principle is an investment strategy made famous by Jim Slater in the book of the same name. It is a GARP investing style which uses a combination of growth and value, looking for shares where brokers are forecasting high earnings growth, but which are currently valued at a price that is low relative to their forecast earnings. The strategy aims to capture growth companies at a reasonable price by using the PEG Ratio. Slater uses forecast earnings to calculate both PER and the EPS Growth Rate. As Slater puts it: "I have always been attracted to growth shares, particularly those that can be purchased at what I perceive to be a discount to their proper value”.  more »

Growth Investing
6 Month Return: -1.4%
Cash Accruals Screen

This screen is loosely based on the influential work of Richard Sloan from the University of Michigan, published in 1996 documenting what is referred to as the “accrual anomaly”. A pound of earnings can be comprised of assumed non-cash earnings called “accruals.” His landmark 1996 paper revealed that shares of companies with small or negative accruals vastly outperform (+10%) those of companies with large ones His paper found that investors focus too heavily on earnings and not on cash generation. They value the earnings of a high accrual company just as highly as the same earnings of a low accrual company, even though the high accrual company’s earnings are more likely to reverse in future years. When future earnings reverse, investors are “surprised” and sell off the stock causing the stock price to decline. Similarly, when a low accrual company’s earnings accelerate in future years, they are surprised in a good way. more »

Quality Investing
6 Month Return: -1.5%
T Rowe Price Screen

A GARP investing approach based on identifying companies with long-term prospects in their early stages before they become "glamour" stocks. Price looked for these characteristics in growth companies: At least a 10% return on invested capital Sustained high profit margins Superior growth of earnings per share. He also looked for: Superior research to develop products and markets. A lack of cutthroat competition. A comparative immunity from government regulation. Low total labor costs, but well-paid employees. more »

Growth Investing
6 Month Return: -1.7%
Quality Income Screen

In 2012, the team at Soc Gen introduced their so called ‘SG Quality Income Index’ - an index that aims to track stocks with strong fundamentals and good yields. Many in the market now appreciate that both higher ‘quality’ stocks and higher yielding stocks tend to outperform, but according to the research note, stocks that share both qualities put together standout total returns that have averaged 11.6% per year since 1990, more than doubling the return of the global equity markets at a significantly reduced volatility. But what is more striking is the return of the portfolio from when the market topped in 2000 to 2012 - a sideways market and a genuinely miserable time for all. While the total return of stock markets has actually been negative in that time period, the Quality Income index almost tripled. Read the full article. more »

Income Investing
6 Month Return: -2.4%
Buffettology-esque Sustainable Growth Screen

This screen seeks to replicate the approach of Warren Buffett,   arguably the most successful living investor - based on the summary/interpretation by Mary Buffett (a former daughter-in-law) in the best-selling book, "The New Buffettology".  In Chapter 13, Mary Buffett outlines a number of screening-type criteria entitled "Warren's Checklist for Potential Investments: His Ten Points of Light", which we summarise out below. Not all of these points are quantitative in nature, admittedly, but there's certainly the beginnings of a good Buffett screen, and one with a slightly different emphasis to that of the Buffett-Hagstrom screen. This version uses the Sustainable Growth method to calculate the "expected return". more »

Quality Investing
6 Month Return: -3.0%
Earnings Surprise Screen

When companies report earnings significantly higher than analyst's earnings estimates the result is known as an 'earning's suprise'.  While earnings surprises often create spikes in the share price on the day of the announcement, they have also been observed to trigger longer term increases in the share price.  This effect is known as the  "Post Earnings Announcement Drift" and can last for several weeks or even months after the announcement date.  The effect is generally attributed to the fact that analysts are slow to revise their forecasts and the market does not fully react to the information about future growth conveyed by the earnings surprises.  The idea behind the strategy is to buy stocks that report earnings surprises and hold them over this time period. Positive surprises often happen at the beginning of a turnaround, or a new growth cycle where sales start to accelerate beyond the historical rates, “surprising” the analyst community.  You can read more here. more »

Momentum Investing
6 Month Return: -3.1%
Dividend Dogs (Forecast)

This is an income strategy made famous by Michael Higgins. It selects ten large cap stocks in a major market index with the highest dividend yield. It is a value strategy that seeks to gain from cheaply priced quality stocks that may be currently unfavoured by the market. This version uses the consensus forecast dividend yield, rather than the historic yield.   more »

Income Investing
6 Month Return: -3.4%
Piotroski High F-Score Screen

Josef Piotroski came up with a simple nine criteria scoring system to help identify bargain stocks in recovery.  It is known as the F-Score and is used extensively throughout Stockopedia on Stock Reports and in screens as a measure of an improving financial health trend.  But while his now famous original strategy (which we have modelled here) focused on applying the F-Score filter to only the cheapest stocks in the market, other analysts have discovered that the highest F-Scoring companies in the market in aggregate also outperform.   We have filtered the market in this strategy to just highlight the companies showing a Piotroski F-Score of 9. more »

Quality Investing
6 Month Return: -3.4%
The Screen of Screens

This is a screen that picks the stocks that are appearing most frequently across all the other screens tracked on Stockopedia - be they value, bargain, growth, quality, income or momentum (excluding short screens). By definition, this tends to be a list of relatively defensive stocks because they exhibit good fundamentals across a wide range of investing strategies. This strategy is especially interesting as the stocks on this list will by definition be being looked at by a broad range of investors - value, growth, income, momentum, quant. more »

Quality Investing
6 Month Return: -3.5%
Dividend Dogs

A dividend screen which envisages that an investor annually selects for investment the ten large cap stocks in the major market index whose dividend is the highest fraction of their price. This version uses the historic/actual yield.   Proponents of this strategy argue that blue chip companies do not alter their dividend to reflect trading conditions and, therefore, the dividend is a measure of the average worth of the company; the stock price, in contrast, fluctuates through the business cycle.  more »

Income Investing
6 Month Return: -3.5%
David Dreman Low PE Screen

This is a strict value strategy based on the writings of David Dreman and focusing on low P/E stocks. David Dreman champions a contrarian investment approach based on interpreting market psychology and using value measures to pick stocks that are out of favour with the market.   Dreman invests in out-of-favour stocks, often in out-of-favour industries, that he identifies using relatively straightforward metric criteria. He says: "I buy stocks when they are battered. I am strict with my discipline. I always buy stocks with low price-earnings ratios, low price-to-book value ratios and higher-than-average yield. Academic studies have shown that a strategy of buying out-of-favor stocks with low P/E, price-to-book and price-to-cash flow ratios outperforms the market pretty consistently over long periods of time." You can read more about David Dreman here. more »

Value Investing
6 Month Return: -3.6%
Dividend Achievers Screen

This is a screen for companies that have paid increasing regular cash dividends for five or more consecutive years. It is inspired by the index run by Indxis, the Index Services unit of US player, Mergent. In addition to stipulating five or more years of increasing dividends, a stock must meet specific liquidity screening criteria. Furthermore, they must be companies with strong cash reserves, a solid balance sheet and a proven record of consistent earnings growth.  You can read more here. more »

Income Investing
6 Month Return: -4.1%
Value Momentum Screen

This is a combined value/momentum screen loosely based on the AAII "Value on the Move" screen and Jack Hough's "Impatient Value" screen in "Your Next Great Stock". It tries to uncover stocks that are bargain priced but avoid "value trap" stocks, which may languish for years until the market recognizes their “true” worth. Value and momentum investing styles might seem to have little in common but, in fact, research also indicates that momentum can be a catalyst to value.  The screen looks for two attributes: A share price within 10% cent of its 52-week high (the momentum part of the equation), and a PEG ratio – price-earnings to growth – of less than 1.5 (the value part). The PEG ratio is simply the forward price-to-earnings multiple divided by the projected growth rate in earnings.   more »

Momentum Investing
6 Month Return: -5.0%
James Montier Trinity of Risk Screen

This is a screen for short sellers (avoiding stocks on these lists is advisable). James Montier suggested this screen based on the writings of Benjamin Graham. Graham proposed three primary sources of risk to your investment in shares or any other asset - Valuation Risk, Earnings Risk and Financial Risk - each of which should be seriously considered when purchasing a new position. This screen looks for a Graham and Dodd PE of greater than 16x (valuation risk), it must have current EPS greater than twice the ten year average (business/earnings risk), and it must also have an Altman Z score of less than 1.8 (balance sheet/financial risk). more »

Short Selling
6 Month Return: -5.0%
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